Recodec Copper and Gold Mining; Issues & Recommendations

Potential in Sindh:

Coal: According to estimates prepared by the Geological Survey of Pakistan (GSP), Pakistan has total coal reserves of 185 billion tons, out of which 184 Million Tons Billion tons are in Sindh, one of the biggest good quality lignite deposit in the World.

Salt: Bright prospects exist for the development of high purity solar salt facility around the coastal areas of Karachi. Solar salt so produced has export potential to the growing Southeast Asian Chemical industries and for the growing industries established throughout the country.

Limestone: Pakistan is bestowed with extensive deposits of suitable quality limestone in Sindh. In sindh it is found in GanjoTakkar, Murli Hills, Mango Pir, Cape Monze, KotDiji and Ranipir. It is used mainly in the manufacture of cement. Road making, building construction and in the chemicals industries.

Carbonate Soda:Present in large quantity in Nara Taluka of Khaipur State, in Nawabshah, Umerkot and Shah Bandar.

Calestine:The estimated reserves are 300,000 tons. Celestite is used in signal rockets and flares, tracer bullets, transportation warning fused and fire-works. It is also used in Strontium compound Ceramics, luminous paints, plastics industries. In Sindh, Calestine deposits are found in ThanoBulaKhan.

China Clay:In Sind it is found in Nagar Parkar, in Tharparkar District. Is used in cement, paper, and rubber filter. It contains 16-31% Clay. It is also known as Kaolin.

Natural Oil: There are three renowned oil fields in Sindh which are briefly described in tabular form below.

NaturalGas: In Sindh Natural Gas is found in Khairpur, Kandkot , Mari, Golarchi and Khaskheli.

Potential in Balochistan

At present Pakistan is producing 50 minerals; of these about 40 are being exploited in Balochistan. Almost all the minerals now being mined in theprovince have been explored / discovered by the Geological Survey of Pakistan.

Aluminum: Aluminum is present in Balochistan in large deposits. Major areas are Kalat, Ziarat and Loralai districts. The mine at Khakhan-China spring in Loralai district produces 2000 tons annually.

Iron Ore: More than 903.4 million tons of iron ores are found in Pakistan and potential ore deposits in Balochistan are the following:

Copper: The significance of copper resources of Pakistan is widely known because of huge investment made in development of Saindak copper deposit.Copper reserves are present in Saindak and Reko-diq in Balochistan.

Chromite Ore: Chromite occurrence is wide- spread yet its potential is far from being fully assessed judging from the favorable geological environment. For this reason, chromite deposits of Balochistan and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa must be considered from a regional standpoint that could enable Pakistan to become a major exporter of chromite and /or ferrochrome.In Balochistan, Muslim Bagh, Noshki, Ras-koh, Dilbadin, MiranshahWana,Khuzdar, Bela, chromite deposits are of the major commercial source of chromite.

Zinc: The Jurassic rocks of the Lasbela – Khuzdar Belt have the potential to host several World class’ zinc – lead ore deposits. Zinc deposits are also found in DuddarGunga which are estimated over 160 million tons.

Coal: In Balochistan about 217 million tons of coal are estimated. Thèse Resources are distributed in Hamai, ,Duki ,Mach-Abegum  Pir Ismail Ziarat  Bar khan – Chamalang.

Natural Gas: Total Natural gas reserves in Pakistan are estimated at about 31 trillion cubic feet. In the Province of Balochistan, the reserves are in Pirkok, Sui,Mazarani,Golarchi.Sui gas field is the largest field of Pakistan, which covers over 75 sq. miles.

Manganese: In Balochistan Manganese is found in Lasbela and Khuzdar. Total estimated resources in these two regions are 0.477 million tons.

Limestone for Lime: Pakistan is bestowed with extensive deposits of suitable quality of limestone in the province of Balochistan. The average annual production of limestone is 8697 Metric tons, used mainly in the manufacturing of cement, Road making, building construction and in the chemicals industries. It is graded as high quality limestone found in Pakistan.

Magnesite: In Balochistan it is found in Muslim bagh and Bela.

Gypsum: According to geological survey of Pakistan, about 2000 million ton gypsum resources are present in different areas of Balochistan.

Marble: Large deposits of marble are present in Balochistan, About2 million ton high quality Marble is present in Chagai district.

Gems: Early discoveries of most of Gem materials in Balochistan by GSP in connection with investigations for other mineral commodities, during the course of geological mapping. In Chagai: Malachite, Azurite, Garnet,    Brown Garnet, Zircon, Obsidian, Jade,     Jasper, Lapis, In Panjgur: Auriferous Quartz, In Kalat: Brown Garnet, Fluorite, In KillaAbdullah: Aragonite, In Khuzdar: Agates, and In Loralai Amethyst.

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